Renfe's Board of Directors has approved a contract for CAF to supply 29 four-car electric multiple units and 15 years of maintenance.
Alstom and Irish Rail have unveiled a 1:1 scale mock-up carriage for DART+ to the Irish public at Irish Rail's Inchicore works in Dublin.
A tunnelling milestone for HS2: the tunnel boring machine Dorothy has broken through on the second bore of the Long Itchington Wood tunnel.
TfL has secured grant funding to help make the Therapia Lane London Trams depot in Croydon greener and more energy efficient.
The first new metro trains have entered commercial service on Barcelona Metro's line 3. A total of 50 enter service over the coming months.
Deutsche Bahn has reported a return to profits for its financial year 2022, with DB Schenker in particular making strong contributions.
Metro de Málaga has inaugurated an extension of the Málaga Metro to connect the network with the city centre.
Brightline has showcased its train maintenance facility in Orlando ahead of the site commencing full service later this year.
The National Audit Office has released a report evaluating whether the DfT and HS2 Ltd can effectively manage the delivery of HS2 Euston.
From 9–11 May, the rail industry will gather at Railtex looking to enhance passenger experience and the efficiency of railway operations.
Southeastern and Network Rail have announced a 4.4 million GBP project to deliver station improvements across Kent and south east London.
TfL has released its annual budget, revealing that it can now fully cover operational costs and invest in new and improved services.
CRRC-made metro trains have commenced no-load trial runs on China's first cross-county metro line from Shanghai-Jiangsu.
Amtrak and PNRRA have released findings from a two-year study examining the potential to operate rail services between Scranton and New York.
Coventry Very Light Rail has completed construction on a new test site for its unique track system at Coventry City Council’s Whitley Depot.
The first CITYLINK tram-train for the South Wales Metro project has been delivered to Transport for Wales’ (TfW) new depot in Taff’s Well.
The ORR has given authorisation for Govia Thameslink Railway (GTR) to operate its Class 717 fleet with Level 2 ETCS digital signalling.
Rail industry leaders were brought together at Accelerate Rail to discuss the nation’s transition to Great British Railways.
UK: The government has announced that Derby, one of the six shortlisted locations, will be the headquarters for Great British Railways.
Stadler and Trenitalia have signed a framework agreement for up to 50 EUROLIGHT Dual locomotives, with an initial order for 13 units.
CAF has been awarded two contracts to supply Urbos trams in Budapest, Hungary and Alcalá de Guadaíra in Seville, Spain.
DB Cargo UK has collaborated with Group Technical Support and Toton TMD to test the impact of using HVO to power locomotives.
The Department for Transport has extended Avanti West Coast's contract for 6 months following the operator's improved performance.
ÖBB is upgrading the Vienna S-Bahn to help improve the travel experience and accommodate a growing number of passengers.
The Klang Valley MRT Putrajaya Line has officially opened to the public in the Greater Kuala Lumpur/Klang Valley region of Malaysia.
PANYNJ and Newark Liberty International Airport have contracted Alstom to provide operations and maintenance services for AirTrain Newark.
The San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (SFMTA) has added the 100th new four-series light rail vehicle (LRV4) to its fleet.
Greater Manchester has announced a new devolution deal with the UK government to grant it more influence over regional rail services.
The US Surface Transportation Board (STB) has provided approval for the merger of Canadian Pacific (CP) and Kansas City Southern (KCS).
Hitachi Rail has been awarded a contract to deliver the digital signalling for Phase 2 of the Chennai Metro Rail Project in India.
Amtrak has announced plans to double capacity at its second-largest station, Washington Union Station, by 2026.
Join the upcoming WOF SUMMIT 2023 in Vienna to take part in an innovative congress focused on logistics and the entire supply chain.
Rail & Truck Strait Union has signed an agreement with Alpha Trains for 7 Stadler EURO6000 locomotives for the Algeciras–Zaragoza Railway.
The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) has commenced the rollout of its new R211 subway cars on New York's A line.
Alstom has celebrated the completion of its 1000th tram manufactured at its production facility in Vienna, Austria.
Amtrak and the Southern Rail Commission are applying for funding to study a new rail service between New York City, Georgia and Texas.
Train operator, Avanti West Coast has launched a low-cost Superfare 'standby' ticket for flexible travellers.
The Australian Rail Track Corporation (ARTC) has approved the use of solar-powered signalling across its Inland Rail corridor.
Over 40bn GBP will be invested in the UK's transport network over the next two years, with a focus on delivering the first phase of HS2.
Railtex will open its doors again at the NEC in Birmingham from 9–11 May 2023. Here are the top reasons why you should visit.
Ireland's Minister for Transport has secured approval for the DART+ South West rail project from Dublin to Hazelhatch and Celbridge.
On 10 March, Amtrak is set to begin early construction work as part of the B&P Tunnel Replacement Program in Maryland.
ÖBB has ordered an additional 27 Siemens Desiro ML electric multiple units (EMU) for use on regional routes from 2025.
Norske tog has contracted Stadler to manufacture 17 FLIRT Nordic Express long-distance trains that will enter service in Norway from 2026.
On 6-7 June, RailTech Belgium will bring the global railway industry together. Registration is now open – what can you expect at the show?
Independent rail operator, Railcoop has announced that its passenger service between Bordeaux and Lyon will launch in the summer of 2024.
Siemens Mobility is investing 220 million USD to construct an advanced manufacturing and rail services facility in Lexington, North Carolina.
Brightline has set a new record for operating the fastest train in Florida after reaching speeds of 130 miles per hour.
SBB and Alstom have reached an agreement for Alstom to compensate SBB for the delayed delivery of its long-distance double-decker fleet.
CRRC will supply 21 passenger diesel multiple units (DMU) to Etihad Rail for the United Arab Emirates' (UAE) first national rail network.
New York's MTA has contracted Thales and TC Electric to supply CBTC signalling on the metro line between Brooklyn and Queens.
Canada's Minister of Transport has announced 5.4 million CAD in funding to support projects under its Rail Climate Change Adaptation Program.
Alstom has opened a production plant in Valmadrera, Italy to manufacture power transmission components for railway, metro and tram lines.
CRRC has delivered its first metro train to Porto, Portugal, marking the first city rail train to be exported from China to an EU country.
The UK government is working with Network Rail and Northern Rail to restore regular train services to the Northumberland Line from 2024.
Alstom and Colas Rail will provide an integrated railway system for the extended North-South Commuter Railway project in the Philippines.
Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat Valenciana (FGV) has contracted Stadler to supply 16 TRAMLINK trams for use in Alicante and Valencia, Spain.
Research from the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport (CILT) reveals significant potential to electrify UK rail freight operations.
Transport for London (TfL) has appointed Morgan Sindall Infrastructure as the main delivery partner to enlarge the DLR's Beckton Depot.
The two tunnel boring machines (TBMs) digging HS2’s longest tunnels has passed Amersham shaft on their 10 mile drive under the Chilterns.
CZ LOKO has delivered the first of three EffiShunter 600 locomotives to Slovakian seamless steel pipe manufacturer, Železiarne Podbrezová.
Scotland's Minister for Transport, Jenny Gilruth has confirmed that Caledonian Sleeper services will be taken over by the Scottish Government once Serco's curre...
Škoda is investing 460 million CZK in its plant in Šumperk in order to manufacture 13 electric trains for Czech Railways (ČD).
TfWM and the WMRE have announced plans to explore the feasibility for five new railway stations within the West Midlands.
Lisbon Metro has celebrated the tunnel breakthrough between the future Estrela and Santos stations on the new Circular line.
The European Commission has approved a 1.1 billion EUR German scheme to compensate operators for the recent spike in electricity prices.
Prime Minister of France, Élisabeth Borne presented a future plan for transport, prioritising a 100 billion EUR investment in the railway.
Stadler has successfully delivered the first of 46 new Tyne and Wear Metro trains to Nexus' Gosforth Metro Depot in the North of England.
Alstom has delivered the first 8900 series train to ViaMobilidade for use on the 8-Diamante and 9-Esmeralda lines in São Paulo, Brazil.
Green loans, active fire suppression for rolling stock, virtual testing, satellite communications, slip-slide prevention and more inside!
The next edition of RSN will take place on 6 July 2023 and is the place to network, make new contacts and strengthen existing relationships.
The Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan has visited the new ticket hall at Bank Underground station, which completes its 700 million GBP upgrade.
Etihad Rail has announced the completion of the UAE National Rail Network, which will link the seven emirates with its primary railway.
Network Rail has selected SNC-Lavalin Group to deliver signalling renewal projects across the south of England.
Brightline has received approval from The United States Coast Guard to rehabilitate the railroad bridge over the St. Lucie River in Stuart.
The US stands to benefit immensely from improved high-speed rail connections, as discussed in CoMotion's latest webinar.
Metrolinx has contracted Siemens Mobility to provide track, signal and right-of-way maintenance for railway infrastructure in West Toronto.
Siemens Mobility has delivered the 'Bright Orange 2' trainset to Orlando, completing Brightline's fleet of 10 trains.
Transport Ticketing Global, the largest public transport event for smart ticketing, returns to London, 7–8 March 2023. What can you expect?
Transport Infrastructure Ireland has appointed Atkins to deliver detailed designs for initial work on Dublin's MetroLink project.
RAILPOOL has ordered 27 new Traxx AC3 and Traxx DC3 locomotives from Alstom for use in Poland, Italy, Norway and Sweden.
Returning for an annual event in London, Accelerate: Rail is taking place at a time of significant change. What can you expect from the show?
Alstom has retrofitted the first 36 of 59 MÁV-START electric trains with its Atlas ETCS solution in order to increase speed and safety.
Transport Canada has launched a Request for Qualifications (RFQ) for the High Frequency Rail project between Québec and Toronto.
Renfe Mercancías has completed the first commercial use of its new 'Zero CO2' electric locomotives, which were manufactured by Stadler.
The Mostaganem tramway has enetered commercial service following a series of works by Alstom and Cosider to commission the two new lines.
The East Coast Digital Programme has further progressed, thanks to new signalling in the Wood Green – New Barnet area of north London.
Members of the French Rail Freight of the Future (4F) coalition have launched the MONITOR project to support digitalisation of rail freight.
GWR is to buy several assets from Vivarail, securing the future of trials of fast-charge battery technology.
Alstom has unveiled the first Citadis X05 tram that will be delivered to Nantes Métropole later this year.
The Metro Futures Traincrew Specialist Team has become to drive the new Class 555 Stadler Metro train at a test track.
Three wildlife overcrossings are going to be built over the Brightline West high-speed rail system, providing a safe path for wildlife.
Stadler is partnering with Utah State University and ASPIRE Engineering to develop the first battery-powered passenger train in the US.
Île-de-France Mobilités, the Société du Grand Paris and Alstom have unveiled the final design of Paris's future line 18 metro trains.
Renfe has been given authorisation to create the state-owned company Renfe Proyectos Internacionales by Spain's Council of Ministers.
Engineers have begun work to alleviate a long-time bottleneck on the Hope Valley Railway line at Bamford as part of upgrade project.
HS2 has proposed changes to the construction design of its Manchester route following work with the UK Environment Agency.
GRK Eesti and GRK Suomi have been awarded the Ülemiste railway infrastructure tender by Rail Baltic Estonia.
Prvá Slovenská železničná (PSŽ) has purchased two EffiShunter 1000 locomotives from CZ LOKO to expand its fleet in Romania and Hungary.
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09 Nov 2016
Recyclable Rail Materials
The Recyclable Train
The environmental performance of goods and services is now recognised as being essential for the overall performance of the transport sector.
By Véronique Andriès, Alstom
In the railway industry, energy and the efficiency of material resources have been identified as the two main levers for controlling and decreasing the environmental impact of transportation services. Energy consumption is estimated to account for 55 to 85% of the environmental footprint of a train over its lifecycle, while resources represented by materials and components could account for up to 45%.
Alstom believes that transport systems should be fluid, eco-friendly, safe, connected and accessible. The company is constantly working to enhance the environmental advantages of its solutions, for example through the deployment of its eco-design policy. Alstom is committed to reducing the environmental footprint of rail transport by developing efficient solutions in terms of energy and materials. The recyclability of rolling stock contributes significantly to material efficiency in the context of global raw material depletion. This is particularly true if the product in question is partially made from materials that have already been recycled, with a prevalence of scrap materials. Designed not only to be recyclable, but also to include recycled materials, Alstom’s solutions do just that. In this respect, new trains can be regarded as contributors to the circular economy.
Old fleets: Already recyclable but….
The decommissioning and dismantling of existing train fleets provides very useful return on experience. For several years, Alstom has been gathering information through exchange with dismantlers and recyclers, and using the lessons learnt when designing new trains.
What happens when an old train reaches its end-of-life?
The first task is to drain the fluids, such as the oils and refrigerants, and to dismantle – with caution – certain components of the train, such as the batteries. Other components are then dismantled or retrieved from the train by cutting. Finally, what is left of the train goes through cutting and shredding, and the fractions are sorted and sent to the recycling industry.
The first lesson learnt is that the presence of potentially hazardous materials complicates end-of-life management, generating additional de-pollution steps that are both complex and costly, heavily influencing the business model. For example, many of the train fleets being dismantled today include asbestos-containing materials. While their presence does not represent a health concern during the operation of the train because the asbestos is embedded in other materials, an additional step is required during dismantling. This step accounts for nearly half of the duration of the total dismantling operation.
The second lesson learnt is that the recyclability of materials depends very much on the maturity and efficiency of recycling processes. The materials that benefit from the highest recyclability rate today are metals. Old trains, which contain large amounts of metals (steel, aluminium, copper, brass, etc.), are more than 90% recoverable.
The third lesson learnt is that the compatibility of materials used in assembly, and the assembly process itself, is essential for orienting components directly into the recycling process, thus avoiding material losses. For instance, gluing should only be used to assemble materials that are compatible for recycling. Floor coverings should not be glued onto a wooden floor, for example.
Alstom enhances the recyclability of new trains: How?
By applying a strict hazardous substance limitation strategy In compliance with our strong commitment to protecting human health and the environment, and in line with our environment, health & safety and eco-design policies, we use environmentally friendly materials for the design and manufacture of our products. Strictly limiting the use of hazardous substances in our products is one of the solutions chosen to limit the negative impact of materials and components used for rolling stock, signalling systems and spare parts.
For many years, the objective of these stringent processes has been to:
Gradually substituting a substance of high concern is a means of:
By using recyclable materials:
While current train solutions are still largely based on metals, there is an increasing trend to include plastics and composites that are not always recyclable. As far as possible, Alstom selects its nonmetallic ratio from a panel of recyclable plastics.
Materials used for thermal and acoustic insulation also represent an issue for end-of-life. Mineral wools such as rockwool are not recyclable. Alstom avoids its use, proposing instead insulation solutions that are 100 % recyclable.
Textiles are still very difficult to recycle and instead can be burnt using energy recovery.
Avoiding incompatibility and permanent assembly… Providing information on systems material composition and guidance for dismantling.
During the design phase, Alstom avoids mixing “non-compatible” materials, especially if their separation after cutting, shredding and grinding is difficult, as it is for non-compatible plastics such as polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET).
In these cases, the corresponding fraction has to be burnt instead of being recycled.
A final important provision to optimise dismantling and provide the best recycling routing is to produce guidance for the end of life of trains, providing information on:
-Parts and components that should be drained or “dismantled” with caution and routed to special reclaiming industries
-Parts and components that should be dismantled before direct routing to the recycling industry
-Materials used for the different parts and sub-systems and their dismantling process Some examples
Alstom’s Coradia Polyvalent offers a second life for waste, containing more than 32 tonnes of recycled materials. The train is 93.3% recyclable and 98.5% recoverable. Even taking its 40-year-plus lifetime into consideration, if current recycling practices are applied, for a 152-tonne train, 66.3 tonnes would be dismantled and sent directly to recycling. The rest would be cut, shredded and ground before the sorting of different material fractions for recycling, burning or waste disposal.