This article first appeared in the Railway-News magazine, Issue 1 2023.
Trains represent the oldest form of mass land transportation that is still in use today. Rolling stock in some form has been with us for over 200 years. Rail is one of the most energy-efficient transport modes and rolling stock conveyances are so popular because they are efficient, have less overall environmental impact than other forms of transportation, are a relatively inexpensive way to move freight, and most of all, rolling stock is safe.
In terms of safety, rolling stock is second only to commercial airlines. In the U.S. most incidents involving rolling stock are the result of a collision or derailment. In the UK, 78% of all rail fatalities are due to ‘suicide by rail’. Fires on rolling stock are thankfully rare events with many of them being secondary to a collision or derailment. But fires on rolling stock do occur, and often with catastrophic consequences. Since opening in 1994, the English Channel tunnel has experienced several highprofile fires that, while not resulting in fatalities, have resulted in significant downtime to the rail service. In other instances, those involved in rolling stock fire incidents have not been nearly so lucky.
One of the most significant, in terms of lives lost, is the Kaprun disaster that involved a funicular railway in Austria on 11 November 2000. In this incident, as the train was ascending through a tunnel, fire broke out in an unoccupied cabin that quickly spread throughout the conveyance. Before the event was over, the fire killed 155 people: 150 in the cars where the fire originated, two on the descending companion train, and three at the rail station on the summit. Only twelve people managed to survive the ordeal.
Stat-X Fire Suppression's recent article for Railway-News asked: is there a perfect solution for active fire suppression for rolling stock?
Stat-X® Fire Suppression explains what types of interventions and fire suppression products are most effective in a BESS event.
Fires occur on rolling stock vehicles with catastrophic consequences – which is why Stat-X® products are focused on active fire suppression.
Rolling stock fire protection is complicated by the limited space, constant vibrations and changes in temperature and humidity.
Use the form opposite to get in touch with Stat-X® Fire Suppression directly to discuss any requirements you might have.